The ukrainian war It is one year old, 365 days old, which has posed a threat not only to the country of Volodimir Zelenski, but also to the West, which has intensified its efforts to help the invaded enclave. This week the president of the United States (USA), Joe Biden, and that of Spain, Pedro Sánchez, have visited kyiv to show off their muscle against Vladimir Putin coinciding with the anniversary of the war.
The head of our country promised with his Ukrainian counterpart to maintain support for as long as necessary and announced the shipment of ten tanks leopard -in the last hours he has not ruled out the fighters– after the European Commission transferred the option to purchase joint weapons. In addition to military assistance, we must add the humanitarian and financial aid that both our country and the group that is part of NATO and the European Union have eased over the last few months to try to deal with Moscow.
However, if we look at the number and weight of the collaboration with the Ukrainian resistance, the result of the West’s effort is uneven, as shown by the think tank German Kiel Institute for the World Economy. The organization explains how much each country has allocated in each of the different areas of defense (arms, financial and humanitarian); a money of which, on the other hand, three quarters are still to arrive. The question with the data on the table is: Which countries have invested the most in the Ukrainian war?
USA It is the country that has put the most money on the table in the war. The North American territory has used about 73 billion euros between arms, humanitarian and financial aid. A whole demonstration of world power. No surprise under the Moscow snow.
On the other side of the map, within the EU, the countries that have financed the most Ukrainian defense are Germany, Poland and France. Between the three they add up to more than the bilateral contribution of the European partners. Ahead of them is the United Kingdom, although it is not part of the Twenty-seven.
In figures, the country of Olaf Sholz has contributed 6.16 billion euros, while the data for Warsaw remains at 3.6 billion and that of Paris at 1.68. The help of United KingdomFor its part, it amounts to 8.30 trillion and is de facto only below the US and the European institutions as a whole.
With regard to Spain, our country has allocated 0.38 trillion euros to the war, which leaves it in 17th place in the ranking. In general terms, and obeying the analysis carried out by the German body, Spain is the country that invests the least in its environment if the aforementioned countries and Portugal (0.43 billion) are considered as such. It is also below others such as the Netherlands (1.49 billion), although above, for example, Belgium (0.24).
The rest of the countries that they have invested less than ours in total terms they are Lithuania, Finland, Latvia, Estonia, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Greece, South Korea, Luxembourg, Ireland, Taiwan, Slovenia, Turkey, Hungary, Croatia, New Zealand, Romania, Cyprus, China, India and Malta .
He think tank German makes a distinction between spending in global terms and depending on the GDP of each country. Here the US loses some steam and falls to fifth position of the total number of territories (0.37%), standing far behind Estonia (1,071%), who wins the podium. Latvia, Lithuania and Poland complete the list prior to Biden’s country. It should be noted that it was Tallinn who encrypted in 4,000 million the cost of the ammunition that the EU is open to buying jointly.
In this section, Spain falls to the place 29 of the total countries (0.032%). Italy remains at 0.057%, France at 0.067%, Germany, with a noticeable rise, at 0.168% and Portugal at 0.21%. Hungary also slightly surpasses Spain (position 28), the same as Croatia (25), giving just a few examples.
The shipment of arms is one of the issues that has generated the most controversy since the outbreak of the war. Germany or Spain are two of the countries in which this issue has generated the most debate. However, the data shows that Berlin ranks well above Francealmost four times higher: 2.36 trillion compared to 0.66.
The one who shows itself to be strong again, as it cannot be otherwise, is the United States. Biden’s country has paid for more than 50% of the war in this sense. In this direction, the North American country has stepped on the accelerator of the arms aidalthough not so much of the humanitariansince it contributes almost 15 times more (44.3 billion) in the first than in the second (3.72).
Regarding European countries, once again the United Kingdom is at the forefront (4.89 billion). Behind, Germany (2.36) and Poland (2.43). The amount allocated by Spain remains in the 0.08 trillion.
Thus, our country occupies the rank 22 and is ahead of other countries such as Norway, Denmark, Sweden, the Czech Republic, Australia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Finland, Greece and Belgium. The Finnish case is still striking, since it is one of the countries that since May of last year has shown the most willingness to join NATO.
Refugees: Spain’s strong asset
Where Spain has more reason to show muscle is in the cost compared to people who have left Ukraine in search of second chances. In other words, our country has focused an important part of its GDP on this issue.
It is true that countries like the USA or the United Kingdom get out of this equation for obvious reasons (the crossings are more complex than those that can be done by land), but in any case Spain allocates a 0.11% on GDP, a figure that is well above that of France (0.03%), Portugal (0.08%) or Italy (0.04%).
Giorgia Meloni’s anti-immigration policy is well known. This last thesis serves to exemplify why Rome allocates so little from its public coffers, something that contradicts the percentage of Hungary (0.25%) or Poland (1.47%), places where, yes, the proximity to the invaded country could be playing a determining role.