The United States will open centers in Colombia and Guatemala to pre-select migrants who will be able to enter the country as soon as Title 42 is lifted in May, a rule that allows many of those who cross the border with Mexico to be expelled for public health reasons.
On May 11, the public health emergency due to the coronavirus in the United States ends and Title 42 will also end. This means that the border patrol will not be able to quickly expel certain migrants with the excuse of public health.
In this regard, the Joe Biden government is looking for alternatives to avoid the waves of immigration that are expected to reach the southern border of the United States as of May 12. In fact, local media in the United States report that there are groups of people waiting in northern Mexico to cross the border when Title 42 ceases to be in force.
One of the alternatives announced by the Biden government is that regional processing centers will be established in Latin America for immigrants to request entry to the North American country.
Initially, the processing centers will operate from Colombia and Guatemala, but the United States is considering other countries so that migrants can apply for political asylum, family reunification programs and work permits from there.
Canada and Spain
Another of the measures to try to reduce the number of migrants arriving in the United States is the agreement with Canada and Spain so that these countries accept migrants whose cases are managed in these processing centers.
Since Title 42 began to be implemented in 2020, 2.5 million migrants have been expelled and the end of this policy could have high political costs for Biden in his political aspiration for re-election.