Europe

the ‘no’ to Putin’s proposal

All 90 European leaders pose in Switzerland during the Ukraine Peace Summit on June 15-16, 2024.

Switzerland hosts this weekend a Conference for Peace in Ukraine that has brought together 90 world leaders in an act that has been a show of force for Ukraine. But the unity expressed in the interest in peace in the war on European soil contrasts with the various paths and conditions that the attendees have put in place to reach it. There seems to be only one point of unanimity: the rejection of Putin’s plan in which he offered a ceasefire if Ukraine resigned from NATO and withdrew from the annexed regions.

Among the approaches is that of the ‘European bloc’, which proposes a restitution of Ukrainian territoriality. This sector is led by the president of the Commission, Ursula Von Der Leyen; followed by the president of France, Emmanuel Macron; by the president of Spain, Pedro Sánchez; by the president of the European Council, Charles Michel; in addition to the German Chancellor, Olaf Scholz and the Italian Foreign Minister.

“An eventual peace agreement must restore the territorial integrity of Ukraine,” in addition to guaranteeing “the inviolability of all its borders“, declared the president of the Commission in this regard.

All 90 European leaders pose in Switzerland during the Ukraine Peace Summit on June 15-16, 2024.

Denis Balibouse

REUTERS

Swiss

For his part, Emmanuel Macron asserted that “Russia behaves like an ‘imperialist regime’ and that has to be responded to by reinforcing the principles of the UN Charter so that borders and sovereignty are respected,” a point shared by Pedro Sánchez.

Both presidents have called to resist aggression and recover sovereignty. He has joined them Rishi Sunak, the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. He accused Putin of “have no interest in genuine peace“and having launched a dissuasion campaign so that other countries do not participate in the event.

“We should ask Russia why they feel so threatened by a summit that addresses the basic principles of territorial integrity, food security and nuclear security,” Sunak said.

There is no agreement without Russia

On the other hand, there is the bloc that requests the presence of Russia in order to develop a peace plan in the region. Among them are Saudi Arabia, Türkiye, Qatar and Kenyacountries that have highlighted the absence of Russia as an obstacle.

“Any credible peace talks on the war in Ukraine will need Russia’s participation“This involves a difficult compromise,” said Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud.

In addition, the country of Saudi Arabia is seen as one of the main candidates to host a follow-up conference to this weekend’s meeting, which would amount to a ‘Second round‘ of this Summit for Peace.

Along these same lines, the Turkish Foreign Minister has indicated that “this summit could have been more results oriented if the other party to the conflict, Russia, had been present in the room.

More money from the US

With a lower political profile he placed USA, represented by Vice President Kamala Harris. The fact that Biden himself, who was in Italy on Friday for the G7 meeting, did not go, It is a decision that has irritated kyivas reported Reuters.

The United States did not send any messages other than criticism of Putin and the defense of international law, but nevertheless announced more than $1.5 billion in humanitarian and energy aid for Ukraine, whose infrastructure has been hit by Russian airstrikes since the 2022 large-scale invasion.

The US thus intends to strengthen Ukraine against external attacks, delving into its president’s speech about strengthening Ukraine’s resilience in the face of possible interruptions in the energy supply, with the intention of safeguard the security and stability of Ukraine.

The absent

Among the countries that have been absent, stands out the president of Colombia, Gustavo Petro, who declined the invitation at the last minute, ensuring that “the scenario of the Swiss forum is not a free forum to discuss the paths to peace between Russia and Ukraine. Its conclusions are already predetermined.” “I ask Europe to debate the ways to shorten the war and not to extend it,” he added.

Among the great nations, China’s absence has been the most commented. From the Asian giant they recalled in recent days the peace proposal that they signed a few weeks ago together with another of the countries that have not attended, Brazil. Brazilian President Lula da Silva has described the meeting as “unhelpful.” “Without Russia, there is no one to negotiate with“, he stated.

China has declared that it is incomprehensible to seek solutions to a conflict that lasts more than two years without inviting one of the contenders to the dialogue table.

In this regard, Russia has thanked China not to participate in the summit. Moscow’s goal is for Beijing to host a peace conference in which each party’s territorial gains are recognized. Despite declaring neutrality, China has been one of Russia’s main geopolitical allies since the beginning of the invasion.

Consensus peace plan

In short, the different perspectives regarding the approach to peace in the region have weakened hopes to build a solid global consensus to pressure Russia and ensure a sustainable solution.

It remains to be seen whether Zelensky’s Peace Summit goal of garnering support for his 10-point peace plan, aimed at ensuring stability and justice in the region, will garner the necessary consensus among world powers.

Furthermore, it remains to be addressed what role countries such as Saudi Arabia or Turkey will assume in future negotiations, which require as a condition sine qua non Russia’s presence in the talks.

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