Big companies like Microsoft and Google point to artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots as a co-pilot or assistant for users in general, but many experts point out thate this type of technology will change many professions, whether it’s making their jobs simpler and faster, replacing employees or creating new professions.
(Read: ChatGPT and Bard4: the differences between Microsoft and Google AIs).
Telemarketing, accountants, translators, teachers, programmers and even investors are some of the professions that studies have indicated that they will change as AI becomes more popular.
The capabilities of GPT-4, the latest version of OpenAI -creators of ChatGPT-, can solve “new and difficult tasks” with a “human performance level” in fields such as mathematics, coding, medicine, law and psychologyaccording to a paper published in March by researchers at Microsoft – a company that has invested billions in OpenAI.
The professions most affected by language modelers
New York University professor Robert Seamans participated in a study on howlanguage shapers like ChatGPT, GPT-4, Bing and Bard will affect professions.
“Telemarketing was the occupation that we found to be most exposed to changes in language modeling or advances in language modeling, followed by other professions such as teaching“Seamans points out to EFE.
The top five professions on the list are telemarketers, teachers college English language and literaturea, university professors of foreign languages, university professors of history and university professors of law.
(Also: Why Bill Gates Says ChatGPT Is The Biggest Tech Breakthrough.)
Other unions not related to education that were among the twenty most affected were sociology, political science, mediators and judges. However, Seamans indicates that this does not mean that these jobs will be replaced by AI, but what can happen is that it is “complementary to the work being done.”
Another study published last week, which also looked at the “labour market impact of language models,” indicates that clerks are among the most cwhose careers are most exposed to the capabilities of generative artificial intelligence, because at least half of the accounting tasks could be completed much faster with this technology.
The same happens with mathematicians, interpreters, writers and nearly 20% of the US workforceaccording to the study conducted by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and OpenAI.
Seamans points out that the generative AI tool that he would like to investigate for the effect it will have on various jobs is the Microsoft-owned GitHub Copilot app. “What GitHub Co-Pilot does is help software developers by suggesting ideas to them as they write the code, it suggests commands and code that the developer might want to follow. Something similar to what Gmail does in emails“, he explains. According to Seamans, this allows computer scientists to do their work more quickly and can even help those who are studying this guild.
A fourth study by GitHub researchers evaluated the impact of generative AI on software developers. In this test, developers who were assigned an entry-level task and encouraged to use the Copilot program, cThey completed their task 55% faster than those who did it manually.
(Read: Google makes its AI-powered chatbot available.)
While AI may still be a long way from managing the stock of investor money on its own, a study called “Can ChatGPT Improve Investment Decision from a Portfolio Management Perspective?” points out that ChatGPT is already a better portfolio manager than an inexperienced person.
The other side of the coin
On the other hand, in 2022 there were almost 800,000 AI-related job openings in the United States, according to data compiled by the Institute for Centered Artificial Intelligence at Stanford University. California was the state with the most AI-related hires -more than 142,000 in 2022- and, on average, 1.5% of job postings in any of the 50 states were AI related.
Asked what profession he would recommend to a teenager, Seamans said that he would first advise them to find a profession according to their likes and passions. “All that aside, I would tell you to think about the abilities that we humans have and think about investing in that. Things like judgment and critical thinking. Those are skills that go into many different types of professions.“, he concludes.