On August 24, 1991, Ukraine declared its independence from the then Soviet Union to be an independent and democratic state. In 2022, Ukraine commemorates its independence with discreet acts, just as six months have passed since the start of the Russian invasion, a war that is currently stalled and threatens to spread. In this edition of El Debate we take stock of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, a conflict with no expiration date and already leaving thousands of deaths.
From early in the morning on August 24, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky addressed the nation amid fears of new Russian attacks. He warned that his country will not start negotiations with Russia out of fear.
Since 2014, a part of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions were in the hands of pro-Russian separatists. After the start of the invasion, the occupation of these two areas has spread. Today Russia controls practically the entire Donbass region.
The Crimean peninsula was annexed by Russia in 2014, a fact without international recognition. kyiv, the Ukrainian capital, remains sheltered but on alert for a possible Russian incursion, as does the beleaguered port of Odessa in the south.
So far, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, an estimated 5,514 civilians have been killed and an estimated 7,890 injured.
Faced with the Russian advance, part of the international community imposed sanctions on Russia. For its part, the European Union applied sanctions to nearly 100 Russian entities, 1,200 people, 351 parliamentarians and 30 well-known oligarchs. It also imposed restrictions on the Russians’ access to land routes, the EU’s airspace and its seaports; suspended the broadcast of several Russian media in Europe, including RT and Sputnik, in addition to restricting or suspending the import of gold, iron, oil and gas.
Since the beginning of the invasion, more than 10.5 million Ukrainians have left the country, causing a humanitarian crisis in Europe. Of the total of those who left this nation, some 6 million today have refugee status. Most of them, about 1.2 million, arrived in Poland; Germany received 1 million, others have reached Hungary, Slovakia, Romania, Moldova, Turkey, Italy, Spain, Portugal and even the United States, Canada and Israel.
In this edition of El Debate we take stock of what the war in Ukraine has left so far six months after the start of the Russian invasion, for this we talk with our guests:
– Iván Gatón, academic in international relations and expert in geopolitics.
– Gonzalo Fiore, international analyst, professor at the Anáhuac Querétaro University and Conicet doctoral fellow in Argentina.